This is the most technical of all our terminologies and actually is the art of a diamond using physics, technology, machinery and a trainer cutter to enable a diamond to make the best use of light to sparkle.

IDEAL CUT: When a diamond is cut to correct proportions, light is reflected and refracted within the crystal and then disperses through the top of the stone.

DEEP CUT: If the cut of the diamond is too deep, some light escapes through the sides causing the diamond to look dark.

SHALLOW CUT: If the cut is too shallow, light escapes out the bottom and the diamond will lose brilliance.

The precision with which a diamond is cut is the most critical factor in releasing its "fire" and "brilliance" what we commonly call sparkle. Since it is the only factor totally within human control, it may very well be the most important of the four C's in determining the beauty and ultimate value of a diamond.

During the cutting process approximately fifty percent of the rough diamond material is usually lost. All the facets should be in exact geometric relation to each other; the point, or “culet”, should be in the exact center of the bottom of the diamond; and the diamond should be carefully polished. In order to maximize brilliance, the diamond cutter must proportion the diamond to precise dimensions for each facet and plane on its surface.

The symmetry of the facets plays a crucial role in the degree of brilliance, or light, reflected back to the eye. When this reflected light emerges from the top of the diamond and is refracted and it separates into the colors of the spectrum and is called "dispersion" or "fire".

Lux Bond & Green and our six trained gemologists critically look at every diamond and piece of jewelry to insure we are offering the most beautiful diamonds at great values. For over 100 years we have traveled all over the world to Africa, India, Europe and the United States to find these diamonds from the most experienced cutters. Our love of diamonds, creating memories and building a lasting relationships with our customers assures you that each and every diamond offered at Lux Bond & Green is the finest available.